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Sports Medicine & ShoulderSpecialist in Gilbert Arizona
Matthew L. Hansen, MD

Matthew L. Hansen, MD

Orthopedic surgeonBoard Certified in Orthopedic SurgeryBoard Certified in Sports Medicine

Foot & Ankle

Foot & Ankle Anatomy

How does the Foot & Ankle joint work?

Find out more in this web based movie.


Microfracture is a surgical procedure performed to promote the healing of damaged cartilage with the use of stem cells (progenitor cells of the body). It is considered the best procedure to treat cartilage injuries less than ½ inch or 15 mm. Microfracture is widely used to treat hip and knee injuries, but can also be performed to treat articular cartilage (tissue cushioning two bones) of the ankle joint, damaged due to an ankle sprain or break, which can lead to snapping and locking of the ankle joint, loss of motion and deep ankle pain.

For more information about Microfracture, click on below tabs.

Ligament Repair

The movement of the ankle is supported and controlled by ligaments (tissue connecting bone to bone)present on the outside of the ankle joint. Injury caused to these ligaments by chronic or repeated ankle sprains reduces their ability to confine the ankle joint with in the normal range of motion. The stretching or tearing of these ligaments may make the ankle unstable and result in the ankle giving way, difficulty in walking on irregular surfaces or chronic ankle pain. Ligament stabilization is a surgical procedure performed to shorten and tighten the stretched out ligaments; thereby,making the ankle more stable.

For more information about Ligament Repair, click on below tabs.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. When the Achilles tendon becomes thin, weak, or if it is not used, it may be susceptible to injury or damage.

For more information about Achilles Tendon Rupture, click on below tabs.

Ankle Sprain

A sprain is stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones in a joint and provides stability to the joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury and occurs when you fall or suddenly twist the ankle joint or when you land your foot in an awkward position after a jump.

For more information about Ankle Sprain, click on below tabs.

Ankle Fracture

Ankle injuries are the most common sports-related injury. An ankle fracture is a break in one or more bones that make up the ankle joint. Sometimes ligaments may also be damaged.

For more information about Ankle Fracture, click on below tabs.

Ankle Arthroscopy

Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.

AOSSM AAOS: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons® / American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons® ORS | Orthopaedic Research Society ARIZONA ORTHOPAEDIC SOCIETY OrthoArizona